BC Fire Code Bulletins
Smoke Alarm Requirements in Homes
On March 25, 2010, Minister of Housing Rich Coleman announced new BC Fire Code requirements related to smoke alarms to increase public safety and more closely harmonize with the National Fire Code of Canada.
For more click here.
Commercial kitchen exhaust fan filters requirement IB018
Mesh Filters Prohibited in Commercial Kitchen Ventilation InstallationsThe purpose of this Bulletin is to clarify the reference to "mesh filters" in the NFPA 96 (1998) "Standard for Ventilation Control and Fire Protection of Commercial Cooking Operations".
NFPA 96 (1998) Sentence 3-2.3 states; "Grease filters shall be listed and constructed of steel or listed equivalent material and shall be of rigid construction that will not distort or crush under normal operation, handling, and cleaning conditions. Filters shall be tight fitting and firmly held in place."
Grease filters are defined as "a removable component of the grease removal system designed to capture grease and direct to a safe collection point."
NFPA 96 prohibits mesh filters by stating; "Mesh filters shall not be used."
A mesh filter, also known as a Grease Filter Mesh Type in NFPA 96, is defined as "a general-purpose air filter designed to collect and retain lint and grease from the air passing through it. This type of filter is not tested, listed, or acceptable for commercial cooking operations due to the increased fire hazard."
Examples of prohibited mesh-type filters are those found on many residential style kitchen hoods and in the ductwork of forced air furnaces. These filters tend to collect and retain grease without the ability to direct it to a safe collection point.
All grease filters shall be listed and installed in accordance with the manufaurers listing and instructions.
|Interpretation Bulletins are published by the Office of the Fire Commissioner, in order to provide direction for the application and interprestation of the Fire Services Act, and pursuant regulations. Where applicable, the Fire Commissioner will issue accompanying approval or interpretative orders, under the authority of Part 1 of the BC Fire Code.|
For further information contact: Office of the Fire Commissioner, Ministry of Public Safety and Solicitor General, PO Box 9491 Stn. prov. Govt, 1st Floor - 800 Johnson Street, Victoria BC V8W 9N7. Telephone (250) 356-9000, Fascimilie (250) 356-9019, e-mail: QFC@gov.bc.ca. Internet: http://www.pssq.gov.bc.ca/firecom
Provincial Commercial Kitchen upgrade regulation part 2
Upgrading of Extinguishing Systems for Commercial Cooking Equipment
BackgroundFires in commercial kitchens can be extremely hazardous. They can spread rapidly and cause personal injury, loss of business, and extensive damage to surrounding buildings. Over the last 10 years in British Columbia, approximately 700 fires have occurred in commercial kitchens, causing $24 million damage and 60 injuries.
Reliance is placed upon commercial kitchen extinguishing systems to function in the event of a fire and minimize damage. The standards set by recognized testing agencies and the listing of fire protection equipment provide the best assurance that extinguishing systems will work under all conditions.
Previous standards for commercial cooking extinguishing systems were established approximately 30 years ago. Since then, changes occurring in the type of cooking equipment and cooking methods have created the potential for five hazards not considered when the previous standards were developed. Accordingly, existing extinguishing systems tested to the previous standards may not be capable of controlling and extinguishing fires occurring in current commercial cooking operations.
New standards include the UL300 Standard "Fire Extinguishing Systems for Protection of Restaurant Cooking Area Fire extinguishing Systems Units" established in 1995. These standards reflect the need for improved fire protection systems in commercial kitchens.
On March 17, 1998, the Office of the Fire Commissioner issued Interpretation Bulletin IB 014, which required fire extinguishing systems for commercial cooking equipment to be upgraded to meet UL 300 - ULC 1254.6 Standards.
An implementation date of December 31, 2000, was established to provide a phase-in period for compliance to the new requirements in British Columbia. This was intended to allow the owners of commercial kitchens and the fire protection industry sufficient time to plan for, and upgrade existing systems to meet these new requirements.
General Upgrading InformationThe British Columbia Fire Code provides the authority for upgrading existing fire safety systems to protect building occupants and reduce fire hazards. The Fire Code specifies that owners are responsible for carrying out the provisions of the Code, which includes required safety upgrading.
In each jurisdiction, Local Assistants to the Fire Commissioner are responsible for ensuring compliance with the requirements of the Fire Code. When upgrading is required, the goal is to bring existing buildings up to current Fire Code requirements, wherever possible. As this is not always achievable, alternatives are sometimes accepted to provide a comparable degree of fire and life safety.
Fire prevention programs within each jurisdiction are dependant upon available resources and safety upgrading priorities. Local fire authorities inspect existing buildings at varying intervals and where necessary, identify fire protection systems that require upgrading. When upgrading is required, schedules for compliance within reasonable time frames are usually established. If necessary, Local Assistants to the Fire Commissioner may issue orders to ensure compliance.
Over the past three years in British Columbia, extinguishing systems for new commercial cooking operations have been manufactured and installed to the new standards. Through cooperation with local fire authorities, the insurance industry, and the fire protection industry, many owners of existing commercial kitchen operations have also upgraded their systems to meet the new requirements. Owners of commercial cooking operations that have not upgraded their extinguishing systems to the new standards should be aware of their responsibility to meet the Fire Code requirements.
As Local Assistants to the Fire Commissioner in each respective jurisdiction are responsible for enforcing the requirements of the Fire Code, local compliance programs may vary. Ultimately it is expected that all commercial kitchens will be upgraded to met the new standards. However, varying schedules for compliance beyond the December 31, 2000, implementation date may be established at the discretion of the local fire authority.
Depending upon fire prevention resources and safety upgrading priorities, local fire authorities may enforce the upgrading requirements for all types of commercial equipment (including deep fryers, grills, and ranges). Alternately, they may choose to concentrate initially on those kitchens with deep fat fryers (considered to be the most hazardous), and address other types of cooking operations at a future date.Factors considered by the local fire authorities when evaluating the degree of hazard and determining schedules for compliance may include: frequency of use, size of operation, exposure hazards, occupant safety, general housekeeping, and system maintenance.
Additional Considerations for Kitchen OwnersThe upgrading requirements are not meant to place an undue hardship on owners of commercial kitchens. Therefore, it is recommended that kitchen owners who have not anticipated the costs of compliance over the previous three-year phase-in period, should consult with their local fire authority and develop a plan for compliance within a reasonable time-frame.
Notwithstanding the enforcement policies and upgrading schedules adopted by local fire authorities, owners should be aware that replacement parts for some existing systems are likely to become scarce. There may be issues regarding insurance coverage for nonconforming systems. There are also potential liability concerns for kitchen owners who do not meet the new requirements. There may also be delays in obtaining the services of qualified personnel capable of carrying out the system upgrading. Provided some agreement is reached to show intent for compliance within a reasonable time-frame by the owner (such as a signed service contract or letter of intent), then this should be acceptable to the local authority.
Labeling of Upgraded Systems:Extinguishing systems that have been upgraded to meet the new UL300 - ULC/1254.6 Standards must be labelled for inspection by local fire authorities. Fire protection service companies performing upgrades of existing systems shall provide labels that meet the following criteria:
- Labels shall certify that the system has been upgraded to the appropriate standard.
- Labels are only to be installed by fire protection technicians qualified to perform the necessary system upgrade.
- Labels shall be affixed to the front of extinguishing cylinders in a location readily identifiable to local fire authorities.
- Labels shall include the following information
- UL/ULC Identification Number for the System
- Month and Year of Upgrade
- Name of Company and Phone Number 3
Interpretation Bulletins are published by the Office of the Fire Commissioner, in order to provide direction for the application and interpretation of the Fire Services Act, and pursuant regulations. Where applicable, the Fire Commissioner will issue accompanying approval or interpretative Orders, under the authority of Part 1 of the B.C. Fire Code.
For further information contact: Office of the Fire Commissioner, Ministry of Municipal Affairs, PO Box 9490 Stn Prov Govt 800 Johnson Street Victoria BC V8W 9N7.